Olga Zubko

Olga Zubko

Сandidate of Historical Sciences, doctoral student Departments of History and Culture of Ukraine Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University.

ORCID: 0000-0002-7052-1472

DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2019.39.4


Abstract. The informal reflection of the transformation of the life positioning of the emigrants from Ukraine is, mostly part, the prerogative of social psychology and sociology. While the question of interpersonal relations is primarily the indicator of political moods, and, moreover, the indicator of everyday life in the historical context.

And it is well know the routine transforms into a center of active cultural genesis in the watershed years: in the collisions of social disorder, the outline of the Future is born and form. In turn, when in a real life the established connections are broken, something like that happen in the human psyche.

The "Achilles heel" of the historiography of studying the transformation of the life positioning emigrants from Ukraine in the Czechoslovak Republic (and note, the emigrants from Ukraine in general) is a surprisingly weak reflection of their behavioral history. The interpersonal communication among Ukrainian emigrants was, first of all, historical action – that had a tendency to repeat, as opposed to an event that had the features of extraordinary and non-repeatability. The representatives schools of symbolic interactionism and phenomenological sociology, turned to interpersonal communication for they the atoms of social interaction were, in fact, the actors, their actions, and reactions to the actions of each other: M. Weber, T. Parsons and A. Shchyuts.

Although the Ukrainian interwar Prague emigration was, mostly, a political emigration, it unquestioningly follows the general emigration trends of the 1920s-1930s. Thus, in the first instance, especially in the culminated years of the "Russian Aid Action" (1921-1925), the life of the Ukrainian emigration community of the Czechoslovak Republic became to stabilize, was imbued with by the "concept of rapid return" through. In 1925-1928, Ukrainian emigration are affected "turnaround". The 1930s brought new troubles: the global economic crisis (delayed until 1935), and the Second World War was knocked on the door of Ukrainian exiles in 1938.

The 1920s were, in fact, really "golden years" in Europe. After the First World War in Czechoslovak Republic became an era of prosperity and prosperity, did not become an exception.Outlined prosperity and well-being have proven themselves, first of all, due to the introduction of technical innovations in ordinary Czechoslovaks: radio receivers, vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, washing machines, and others. On the other hand the 1930s, on the other hand, made some adjustments in the life of the interwar Chinese SSR. A country, focused on the relations with all the nations, was precipitated by the global economic crisis, which, in addition drag on to 1935. Czechoslovakia had to reckon with access to the proscenium of the world history of monsters-dictatorships.

Ukrainian interwar emigration for the level and can be divided into three categories. Ukrainian emigration doctors proved most taciturn interlocutors in informal communication, instead of their informal rejection was an attempt to join the prohibited eugenic research.

Engineers and lawyers were considerably more sociable and fun category of informal interlocutors. For this category of Ukrainians in the Czechoslovak Republic We stress, practically, there were not forbidden sweets in interpersonal communication.

The teaching the scientists, the staff of the Library and specialists in music, the most funny, witty, gayer, sociable, but at the same time proned to anomalies, phobias and deviations, an emigre category, was . Obviously, this in turn was due to in the emigrant "rating of professions" (1923-1933), the teaching was kept by the honorable "gold" ("silver" was kept the by engineers and economists, and "bronze" was kept by doctors and lawyers).

Regarding the deviant behavior, the Ukrainian emigration community in the Czechoslovak Republic, drank and sometimes ends suicide that is got nothing to do with this. The main causes of drunkenness and suicide lay in homesickness, home, tuberculosis and unemployment.

Key words: Ukrainian interwar emigration, Czechoslovakia, informal communication, deviation, phobia, anomalies, pathology.

Received by the editorial board: 17.10.2018


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