Postgraduate master, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
THE INFLUENCE OF STUDEN FAMILY MARRIAGE RELATIONS ON INTELLECTUAL AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN XXI CENTURY (ON THE MATERIALS OF THE CITY OF KYIV)
Abstract. This article deals with the problem of children education and upbringing by young student families in Kyiv city and those parents’ influence on the child’s intellectual and physical development.
The students’ family life undergoes dramatical changes when a child is born. Just from this moment the students begin to consider themselves as a full-fledged family, and their relationship reach a new level. In turn, the child needs for a proper comprehensive education, so young parents shall quickly adapt to their new role.
After the spouses’ baby birth, the focus embracing education object already switches from them as persons onto their first-born child. As a rule, even before their baby birth, the expectant mother and father begin to prepare themselves to that newcomer in the family: they ask for advice from relatives and friends, get consultations with specialists, read the special sources on child care and upbringing. However, the child’s birth especially when it comes to a young students’ family, often entails numerous problems and becomes a strong stress factor for parents. However, this stress factor is completely offset by such positive moments as the parents’ health improvement during their child upbringing. Another positive factor refers to not very significant difference in age between parents and their children, that in turn allows render much easier their communication and mutual understanding.
As everyone knows, from the earliest times, every nation appreciated as true value the human’s intellect, intelligence and education. Just due to intellectual and physical abilities progress our ancestors became able to create our history and the world today we do live in. Each mankind history époque valued various knowledge, skills and abilities of a person. However, with new challenges constantly dependent on changes in society and social development, the humanit gained ever new knowledge, gradually pushing out the obsolete ones. And concurrently the principles of raising children also changed.
The basic directions of forming the child’s future personality are mental development, physical and religious education. These three upbringing factors quality imply what kind of person the child will be in the future.
Namely the individual’s cognitive activity, education in various science fields, physical strength and power are forms today a conscious citizen who will develop the country in the future. A more complete world perception as formed in the person also is influenced by the spiritual life aspect. Accordingly, that aspect of education also plays an integral role in the life of both individual national and the state as a whole, since moral principles and ethical norms form the human mental activity which in turn influences the person’s environment.
Consequently, along many centuries, education was a major aspect in human personality forming still constant changes in society and social development generated a new need, this one for civic consciousness formation. The parents play the main role in all educational process types. Therefore, now, as the new personality main creators, they must not only remain educators of a high moral creative individual, but also form a conscious national of his motherland.
Despite the lack of prior paternity experience, young student parents should make every possible effort to educate the child in the context of creating a strong personality, which will be a moral example in the society.
On the other hand, the topic of children education at young student families within the Kyiv city boundaries is not covered by the humanities sciences. Therefore, to get this problem’s more detailed study we turned to the use of ethnological research practical methods: sample survey, included observation, questionnaires and respondents interviewing.
However, switching to more specific figures and data, the vast majority of student couples (90,7%) tend to that both the father and mother should pay equal attention to their child upbringing. Similarly, young student families achieve unanimity on specific issues considering the child intellectual and physical development. Thus, 78,7% respondents believe that the child intellectual development should be both father’s and mother’s responsibility, and 58,7% believe that both spouses should also be responsible for the child’s physical development. Student families also agreed that the atmosphere in the family also produces a direct impact on the child development. This opinion was supported by 97,3% of respondents. Although the respondents could not agree on which cultural level of parents shall be convenient and satisfying for the child’s proper mental progress. Thus, 40% believe that enough shall be to visit cultural centers, 29,3% think that desirable will be to have a home library, and 21,7% consider necessary reading the special pedagogical literature.
According to this survey results, we see that in children education, modern student families are, for the most part, adherent to those traditional norms, that formed on centuries-old representations of Ukrainian nation during the traditional society period.
Key words: family, student youth, education, training, intellectual development, physical education, children, parents, family and marriage relations.
Received by the editorial board: 5.04.2019
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