Taras Samchuk

Taras Samchuk

Phd-student of the department of ancient and modern history of Ukraine Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.

ORCID: 0000-0002-6223-7412

DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2019.40.2



Abstract. The article depicts the peculiarities of St. Vladimir University students’ nutrition in the years 1834-1863. The main aim of the research to show how nutrition differentiated among students community and how different types of diet influenced everyday life of them. That’s why the types of nutrition of two main students’ groups (who were educated and maintained by the state and students who studied at their own expense) are analyzed in the article. Special attention is paid to the question of the diet, the peculiarities of the regime, organization, and nutrition value of products for students. For example, budget students had a fixed schedule of eating. Their breakfast started at 7 am. It was only a small loaf and a cup of tea. The students had completely the same dinner at 6 or 7 pm. The main portion of the food they received for a lunch. Typical lunch included primarily liquid food (soup with beetroots, beans, peas, meat or fish), then students received the main dish. Usually, it was roasted meat or fish with potatoes or other side dishes. The university administration hired special servants for questions connected with budget students’ nutrition. The main role of supplying food for students’ table played a provisor. He also hired all staff (cooks, bakers, lackeys), who cooked and served food for students. Presence of servants was a special reason to approach students to noble culture because it was thought that the main ideal for student behavior was connected with noble traditions.

It was defined that budget students had well-organized nutrition system, nevertheless, the quality of products and quantity of food weren’t at a high level. That’s why students often complain about tasteless, little nutritious food. Calculation count of calories in budget students’ food showed that they hadn’t received the right amount of calories. From time to time the university administration tried to improve students’ nutrition, but it hadn’t worked because they couldn’t raise the level of funding. At the result, in 1858 the university administration stopped to supply students with food and started to pay scholarships. After this decision, the specificity of nutrition for all students became the same. The majority of students in 1863 had problems with nutrition this shows statistics from that year.

The author points out that except typical diet students had a special hospital and disciplinary cell diets. If the hospital diet was pretty much the same as the normal meal, the disciplinary cell diet included only a piece of bread and water. It is also important to emphasize that students had to follow all religious rules. That’s why they kept all fasts. During that fasting time eating meat and fats were forbidden and students’ nutrition becomes worse.

At the same time, a lot of students who studied at their own expense had another system of nutrition. For example, rich students had perfect food and they visited restaurants and had their own cooks and lackeys, next to them it was easy to find a student who didn’t eat for a few days. Very often the meal was included in a price of apartment rent or students cooked by themselves. Typical price for an apartment with nutrition started from 3-4 rubles per month, in comparing lunch in ordinary Kyiv hotel cost around 10 rubles per month. Sometimes parents of students sent them food because prices in Kyiv were higher than in the region. It was also common among students to feed on in special canteen organized by Kyivan hostess. Usually, it was an old lady who served a cheap meal and sometimes students could get some food in debt. Nevertheless, a lot of students who studies at their own expanse suffered from pure nutrition. Very often bad food was the reason for bad results in studying. However, the reason for bad nutrition helped students to unite to overcome life's difficulties. It was common among students to settle together and share all food. Sometimes students organized parties where they shared all meals, this activity contributed to the merger of the student corporation.

Key words: students, St. Vladimir University, nutrition, food.

Received by the editorial board: 29.03.2019


1. Andriiashev F. F. (1911). Vospominaniia starogo pedagoga [Reminiscences of the old teacher]. Russkaia starina, 4. 95-108 [in Russian].

2. Bakhtin M. (1876). Vospominaniia iz universitetskoi zhyzni (konca piatidesiatych godow): zapiski pokoinogo kievskogo studenta. [Reminiscences from university life (from the end of 1850-s) notes of dead kievan student].Kiievlianin. 113. 1-2 [in Russian].

3. (1863). Byt kievskikh studientov [Life of kievan students]. ZHMNP, 4. VI. 31-35 [in Russian].

4. Vladimirski-Budanov M. F. (1884). Istoria Imperatorskogo Universiteta Sv. Vladimira, t. I[History of St. Vladimir University]. Kiev [in Russian].

5. (1918). Vospominaniia I.V.E[lnickogo] ot dietstva do smierti (1841-1869) [Reminiscences I.V.E. from childhood to death (1841-1869)]. Russkaia starina. 7-9. 8-52 [in Russian].

6. (1889). Vospominaniia M. Chalogo [Reminiscences of M. Chalyi]. Kievskaia starina. 10. 121-142[in Russian].

7. Derzhavnyi arkhiv m. Kyieva (DAK) [Kyiv city archive]. Fund 16. Description 379. Case. 215. 30 pages.

8. DAK. F. 16. D. 380. C. 215. 46 p.

9. DAK. F. 16. D. 392. C. 247. 30 p.

10. DAK. F. 16. D. 465. C. 1989. 301 p.

11. DAK. F. 16. D. 465. C. 2950. 178 p.

12. Yekelchyk S. (2010). Ukrainofily. Kyiv.

13. (1994). Instruktsiia inspektoru studentov Imperatorskogo universiteta sv. Vladimira 1835 [Instruction for inspector of students of St. Vladimir University 1835]. Z imenem sviatogo Volodymyra: Kyivskyi universytet u dokumentach, materialach ta spogadach suchasnykiv. Kyiv, 118-124 [in Russian].

14. Instytut rukopysu Natsionalnoi biblioteki Ukrainy imeni V. Vernadskiego [Institute of Manuscripts of Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine]. F. 8. C. 2815, 112 p.

15. Kolesnyk V., Korotkyi V. Chyhyryk I. (2014). Studenty Universytetu Sviatoho Volodymyra: akademichnyi stutus. 1834-1917 roky [Students of St. Vladimir University: academic status]. Universytet sviatogo Volodymyra: studentske zhyttia 1834-1917: zb. dokumentiv za red. L.V. Guberskogo. Kyiv. 7-28 [in Ukrainian].

16. Kuhliak M. (2015). Zhyttia ta pobut studentstva pidrosiiskoi Ukrainy druhoi polovyny 19 ‒ pochatru 20 st. [Everyday life of students in Ukraine under Russian rule late 19 ‒ early 20 st.]. Zhytomyr [in Ukrainian].

17. Molchanov V. (2005). Dobrobut studentiv Ukrainy v druhii polovyni 19 – na pochatku 20 st [Welfare of students in Ukraine in the late 19th – begging of 20th century]. Ukrainskyi istorychnyizhyrnal, 5, 39-53 [in Ukrainian].

18. Montanari M. (2008). Golod i izobiliie. Istoriia pitaniia v Evropie [Famine and abundance. The history of nutrition in Europe]. SPb [in Russian].

19. (2014). Pravyla povedinky studentiv imperatorskoho Universytetu Sviatoho Volodymyra 1848 r.Universytet sviatogo Volodymyra: studentske zhyttia 1834-1917: zb. dokumentiv za red. L.V. Guberskogo. Kyiv. 75-77 [in Russian].

20. Samchuk T. (2013). Ration i vartist kharchuvannia kazennokoshtnykh studentiv Universytetu sv. Volodymyra na pochatlovomu etapi funktsionuvannia navchalnoho zakladu [Diet and nutrition cost of budget students of St. Vladimir University at early stage of existence]. Aktualni problemvitchyznianoi ta vsesvinoi istorii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats RDHU, 24, 17-23 [in Ukrainian].

21. Sokyrko O. (2006). Lytsari druhoho sortu. Naimane viisko Livoberezhnoi Hetmanshchyny 1669-1726 [Knights of the second grade. Hired army of Cossacks Hetmanate 1669-1726]. Kyiv: Tempora [in Ukrainian].

22. Starytskyi M. (1994). Iz spohadiv pro M. Lysenka [From the reminiscences about M. Lysenko]. Zimenem sviatogo Volodymyra: Kyivskyj universytet u dokumentach, materialach ta spogadachsuchasnykiv, 2. Kyiv. 175-178 [in Ukrainian].

23. Trifonov V. (1884). Iz vospominanii byvsheho studenta [From the reminiscences of former student]. Kievlianin, 214, 1 [in Russian].

24. Shemeta Y. (2015). Izha ta napoi: z povsiakdennia instytutu kazennokoshtnykh studentivImperatorskoho universytetu sv. Volodymyra (1834-1858 rr.) [Food and beverages: from everyday life of budget students of St. Vladimir University (1834-1858 rr.)]. Naukovyi visnykKremenetskoho oblasnoho humanitarno-pedahohichnoho instytutu im. Tarasa Shevchenka. SeriaPedahohika, 5, 61-69 [in Ukrainian].

25. Shemeta Y. (2015). Kukhonne i stolove povsiakdennia instytutu kazennokoshtnykh studentivImperatorskoho universytetu sv. Volodymyra (1834-1858 rr.) [Kitchen and dining everyday life of Institute of budget students of St. Vladimir University (1834-1858 rr.)]. Nauk. Zap. Ternopilskohonatsionalnoho ped. Un-tu im. V. Hnatiuka. Seria: istoria, 1, 3, 105–111 [in Ukrainian].

26. Shulgin V. J. (2010). Istoriia universiteta Sv. Vladimira. [The history of St. Vladimir University]. Kyiv: Lybid [in Russian].

27. Yaremenko M. (2013). Povsiakdennia profesoriv Kyievo-Mohylianskoi akademii 18 stolittia[Every day life of professors of Kyiv Mohyla Academy in 18 cent.]. Povskiakdenniaranniomodernoi Ukrainy: Istorychni studii v 2-kh tomakh, 2. Kyiv, 69-123 [in Ukrainian].

28. Yaremenko M. (2012). Nasolody osvichenykh v Ukraini 18 stolittia (pro kulturu vzhyvanniatserkovnoyu elitoyu chayu, kavy ta vyna) [Pleasures of educated people in Ukraine in 18 century (culture of church elite of drinking tea, coffee and vine)]. Kyivska Akademia, 10, 117–184 [in Ukrainian].

29. Bobrowski T. (1900) Pamiętniki Tadeusza Bobrowskiego z przedmową Włodzimierza Spasowicza. T.1 [Reminiscences of Tadeush Bobrowski]. Lwów [in Polish].

30. Burzyński T. (1894). Wspomnienia z czasów młodości [Reminicences from youth time].Wydawnictwo materiałów do historii powstania 1863-1864, IV, I, 93-224 [in Polish].

31. Dubiecki М. (1909). Młodzież polska na Uniwersyticie Kijowskim przed r. 1863 [Polish youth in Kiev University before 1863]. Kijów [in Polish].

32. Hendrychowski E. (1933). Wspomnienie z Kijowa 1858-1862 [Reminicences from Kiev 1858-1862]. Przeszłość,7, 101-108 [in Polish].

33. Jablonowski W. (1967). Pamiętniki z lat 1851-1893 [Diaries from 1851-1893]. Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków. Zakład imienia Ossolońskich. Wydawnictwo polskiej akademii nauk [in Polish].

34. Jeż T. [Milkowski Z.] (1936). Od kolebli przez życie: wspomnienia (1830-1873) [From cradle through life: reminiscences]. T.1. Krarów [in Polish].

35. (1857). Kilka obrazków z akademickiego życia przez J.W. Rolle [A few notes from academic life]. Gazeta codzienna, 70, 3-4 [in Polish].

36. Lasocki W. (1933). Wspomnienia z mojego życia [Reminiscences from my life]. T 1. Kraków [in Polish].

37. Orzyszowski R. (1901). Czasy szkolne w Kijowie 1854/55-1862/63 [School time in Kiev]. Lwów [in Polish].

38. Remy J. (2000). Higher education and national identity: Polish student activism in Russia 1832-1863. Helsinki: Soumalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.

39. Sowiński L. (1961). Wspomnienia szkolne i uniwersyteckie [Reminiscences from school and university]. Warszawa.

40. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of food history, edited by Jeffrey M. Pilcher. Oxford UniversityPress.

41. Watts S. (2012). Food and the Annales school. The Oxford Handbook of food history, edited byJeffrey M. Pilcher. Oxford University Press, 3-22.

42. Wroński M. (1899). Ze wspomnień kijowskiego puristy [From the reminiscences of kievan purist]. Wolne polskie słowo, 283, 2-5 [in Polish].