UKRAINE IN CONDITIONS OF CRISIS EXACERBATION OF SOVIET
SYSTEM AND THE USSR DISSOLUTION (1965-1991): HISTORIOGRAPHY
Abstract: Brezhnev's era had a negative impact on the development of historical science in Ukraine. Total russification of Ukraine, imposition of new ideological paradigms, which were covered by the internationalization of society, replaced the partial liberalization of the life, the intensification of the study of Ukrainian history. The attack on «Sixties» began, political repression renewed, especially it concerned the human rights activists and dissidents. Authoritarianism and the party dictatorship were asserted at a rapid pace. The «stagnation period», that led to the systemic crisis of the USSR, of society as a whole, didn’t bypass historical science. Scientists of the Ukrainian diaspora stood up for the traditions of national historiography, found their niche in European and world historical science as historical Ukrainian studies. Between the 1980s and 1990s, a new historiographical situation emerge. It opened up opportunities for the revival of Ukrainian historiography, helped historians redefine their own views, and liberated themselves from the dogmatic layers of the totalitarian era.
Keywords: historical science in Ukraine, historiography of Ukrainian history, historiography, Soviet historians, historians of the Ukrainian diaspora, perestroika era.
Received by the editorial board: 9.09.2019
Kalakura Ya. S. (1995). Ukrainska istoriohrafiia: Kurs lektsiy [Ukrainian Historiography: Course of Lectures]. Kyiv: Heneza. 512 s. [in Ukrainian].
Kasianov H. (1995). Nezghodni: ukrainska intelihentsiia v rusi oporu 1960-80-kh rokiv [Disagree Ones: Ukrainian Intelligentsia in the Resistance Mmovement of the 1960-80s]. Kyiv: Lybid. 224 s. [in Ukrainian].
Kurnosov Yu. (1994). Inakomyslennia v Ukraini: 60-ti – persha polovyna 80-kh rr. ХХ st. [Dissent in Ukraine: 60's – First Half of 80's of XX Century]. Kyiv: In-t istorii Ukrainy NAN Ukrainy. 222 s. [in Ukrainian].
Nikolaiets K. M. (2012). Supilno-politychnyi rozvytok URSR u druhii polovyni 60-kh – na pochatku 90-kh rokiv ХХ stolittia: ukrainska istoriohrafiia [Socio-Political Development of the USSR in the Second Half of the 60s – Early 90s of the Twentieth Century: Ukrainian Historiography]: dys. ... dokt. ist. nauk: 07.00.06 / Nikolaiets Kateryna Mykolaivna. Kyiv. 450 s. [in Ukrainian].
Rusnachenko A. (1998). Natsionalno-vyzvolnyi rukh v Ukraini. Seredyna 1950-kh – pochatok 1990-kh rokiv [National Liberation Movement in Ukraine. Midle of 1950s – Early 1990s]. Kyiv: Vyd-vo imeni Oleny Telihy. 720 s. [in Ukrainian].
Rusnachenko A. M. (1999). Rozumom i sertsem. Ukrainska suspilno-politychna dumka 1940-1980-kh rokiv [With Mind and Heart. Ukrainian Socio-Political Thought of the 1940s-1980s]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «KM Academia». 324 s. [in Ukrainian].