PhD (history), doctoral candidate of the department of archaeology and museum studies Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
Researcher ID: AAQ-5292-2020
WAYS OF PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER BETWEEN
GENERATIONS OF SCHOLARS IN THE SOVIET ARCHAEOLOGY
Abstract. The problem of professional knowledge transfer between generations of scholars in archaeology is actual because understanding of this process gives possibilities to improve studying and to help with professional socialization of young scholars. But this topic has not been an object of special research. The aim of the article is to study particular ways of professional knowledge transfer between generations of Soviet archaeologists at the end of 1960s – during 1970s. The research is based on 8 interviews with archaeologists from Kiev, Moscow and St. Petersburg which have been recorded by the author.
Basing on the survey results it may be concluded that some archaeologists started to get professional knowledge at the school time visiting archaeological workshops. But the majority of respondents got knowledge at universities. This study was the most successful when research fellows from academic establishments were invited to teach professional courses.
A field practice was an important part of the studying process but it was the most productive when the most experienced professionals read special lectures and held conversations with students. But this did not happen always. Next years a lot of students joined different archaeological expeditions where they gained a practical experience working together with highly skilled specialists.
Different famous archaeologists were mentioned by respondents as their teachers but a lot of them were not their formal supervisors. Other ways of professional knowledge transfer are informal communication with more experienced colleagues including elder students, graduate students and other professionals and participation in department meetings of academic research establishments. Sources of professional knowledge from former generations of scholars, who had passed away, also were books and a work with archival records. According the opinion of one female-respondent, knowledge in archaeology is transmitted in a generation similar to raising grandchildren by grandparents. Because scholars start to work with youth being senior persons and after the beginning of their academic career another generation of researchers has already started to work.
Key words: Soviet archaeology, anthropology of science, professional knowledge, knowledge transfer, professional socialization.
Received by the editorial board: 7.07.2020
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