PhD (history), assistant of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
NOMADIC BARBARIANS IN THE ORBIT OF THE ECONOMIC INTERESTS
OF SASANIAN IRAN AND BYZANTINE EMPIRE
Abstract. The article is devoted to the role of nomads in the long-standing conflict between Sassanid Iran and the Byzantine Empire in the VI century. The purpose of the article is to analyze the participation of ancient Turks and Sogdians in the international politics of that period, as well as their place in the struggle for trade routes, markets and spheres of influence on the regions of transit trade. Menander Protector, describing the exchange of embassies between the Byzantines and the Persians, assigned a significant role in the international political and economic life to the Persians. On the other hand, in fragments of Menander's work, the nomadic factor appears to be one of the most important in the relations between the largest empires in that region. The Turks of the Great Turkic Khanate were the main arbiters between the two big countries. Menander's information about nomads is based on official documents of diplomatic missions, which he used to write his work. At the same time, his subjective view of Byzantine economic and foreign relations with Iran is important to us because Romans did not know about nomadic Turkic-speaking tribes in northern Eurasia. In the international politics of the region played some role also the territories of modern Ukraine, peoples and tribes that lived in our lands, in particular, the Slavs.
Key words: Turks. Byzantine, Sassanian Iran, Menander Protector.
Received by the editorial board: 4.11.2020
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