Dmytro Ostrovyk

Dmytro Ostrovyk

Post-graduate student of the Department of History and Culture of Ukraine and special historical disciplines of the State higher educational Establishmen «Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University named after Hryhoriy Skovoroda».

ORCID: 0000-0001-7435-7035

DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2021.43.9




Abstract. The article is based on the materials of the State Archives of Dnipropetrovsk region, traces the formation and activities of the Dnipropetrovsk regional association of Afghanistan veterans at the end 1980s – at the beginning 1990s. The peculiarities of the veterans' movement and the preconditions for separating the «Afghan» cell into a public organization that had the status of a legal entity are highlighted.

It is noted the unification of the reserve soldiers’ and soldiers-internationalists’ councils, was facilitated by the then Soviet state policy, which aimed to involve demobilized soldiers in the military-patriotic education of youth, restructuring military-patriotic work in the new socio-political conditions. Problems of military-patriotic education and state support of «Afghans», formalism on the part of Komsomol functionaries, inattentive attitude to the issues of «Afghan» soldiers were witnessed. In addition, among the shortcomings of the «Afghan» movement was the lack of legal personality, a serious material base that would allow to develop work with adolescents, to help «Afghans» with disabilities and the families of fallen soldiers.

The program regulations governing the activities of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Association of Afghanistan Veterans are highlighted. The goals and tasks declared by the public organization are indicated – assistance in medical rehabilitation, provision of material and psychological assistance to «Afghans» with disabilities, families of dead and missing soldiers. The directions of activity of the public organization are traced, the leading place of which belonged to defending social protection of participants of hostilities, persons with disabilities, members of families of the lost «Afghans» (pension, medical maintenance), assistance in rendering various social and household help to families of participants of hostilities.

Key words: «Afghan» movement, veterans of Afghanistan, state policy, military-patriotic education, public organization.

Received by the editorial board: 9.11.2020


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