Doctor of Historical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of Archival Studies and special Branches of Historical Science of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.
RESEARCH OF F. D. NIKOLAICHYK ABOUT KISH OTAMAN OF THE
ZAPORIZHIAN SICH P. I. KALNYSHEVSKY
Abstract. The aim of the publication is to return from oblivion the figure of the teacher, historian, literary critic, bibliographer, local historian, ascetic F. D. Nikolaichyk. The article «The Birthplace of Kalnyshevsky» by F. D. Nikolaichyk, which was published on the pages of «Kyiv antiquity» in 1892 was analized. Chronological frameworks of the study have two dimensions: a) the limits of real events associated with the biography of P. Kalnyshevsky: from his birth in 1690, through the stages of life path and achievement of the highest levels of power (kish otaman) to the liquidation of Zaporizhian Sich, imprisonment on Solovky and death in 1803; b) limits of direct scientific research of F. D. Nikolaichyk (1880-1890-ies). In the course of writing scientific intelligence are used general scientific, historical and special-historiographic methods: historiographic analysis and synthesis, biographical, historical-comparative, historical-systemic.
The article presents the main biographical information about F. D. Nikolaichyk. The stages of his career growth are considered. Cooperation with the Historical Society of Nestor the Chronicler and Poltava Provincial Academic Archival Commission was investigated. It is emphasized that wherever F. D. Nikolaichyk was, he was always extremely interested and explored the history of the region where he had to live.
It is proved that F. D. Nikolaichyk found out the place of birth of the last otaman of Zaporizhian Sich P. I. Kalnyshevsky, described his small homeland, family environment. Researcher at the close of nineteenth century introduced the term «colonization» in relation to the economic policy of P. I. Kalnyshevsky for the first time, focusing on the leading role of Ukrainian peasants and Cossacks in the development of the Steppe. The historian was one of the first to reflect the multifaceted charitable activities of zaporizhian leader.
Key words: F. D. Nikolaichyk, historian, researcher, «The birthplace of Kalnyshevsky», «Kyiv antiquity», kish otaman, P. Kalnyshevsky, Saporizhian Sich.
Received by the editorial board: 26.02.2021
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