Natalia Zaika

Natalia Zaika

Senior scientific researcher, National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve «Pereyaslav».


DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2021.44.10




Abstract. The aim of the article is to analyze and introduce into scientific circulation, first of all, the materials of the ethnographic collection of the National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve «Pereyaslav». In particular, Pereyaslav woven towels of the 60-90s of the XX century.

The methodological basis is general scientific principles and research methods. Among them are search, analysis and synthesis, generalizations that allowed to investigate this issue and reveal it.

The article presents a study of Pereyaslav woven towels, which came to the funds of the reserve in the second half of the 80's of the XX – early XXI century. The author covers the issue of raw materials from which towels are made, their weaving technique, color features; characteristics of compositional and ornamental motifs.

It is noted that in total there are eight stages of receipt of woven towels of Pereyaslav region in the funds of NHEZ «Pereyaslav». The most numerous collection of woven towels based on spool thread. The second group is towels woven on the hemp and linenbase. According to the color scheme, they can be divided into polychrome, with a predominant red and black color scheme. The most numerous group are towels with multi-colored scale. According to the compositional arrangement of ornamental motifs, you can note the towels with a clearly defined center, which occupies the main part of the composition and clearly defined horizontal stripes are distinguished.

In comparison with the ancient Ukrainian towels, ornaments products of 60-90 years of the twentieth century have one characteristic difference, i.e. geometrical forms of ancient patterns on themreceive a naturalistic look.

As a result of the research, the author came to the conclusion that the folk woven towel of 1960–1990 underwent significant changes in coloring, in the basic techniques of execution and their combinations, in ornaments and raw materials. It should be noted that in some cases the elements of the traditional folk towel (home-woven cloth, cloth, compositional schemes, fragments of ancient ornaments) have been preserved.

Key words: towel, collection, weaving, thread, Pereyaslav region, NHEZ «Pereslav».

Received by the editorial board: 16.03.2021


  1. Kozii, H. (1992). Domotkani rushnyky Pereiaslavshchyny druhoi polovyny XIX – pochatok XX st. [Homemade towels of Pereyaslav oblast of the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries] Tezy Vseukrainskoi naukovoi konferentsii «Pereiaslavska zemlia ta yii mistse v rozvytku ukrainskoi natsii, derzhavnosti y kultury» [Abstracts of the All-Ukrainian scientific conference «Pereyaslav» land and its place in the development of the Ukrainian nation, statehood and culture]. September 21-23, 1992. Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky, pp. 125–127 [in Ukrainian].

  2. Godlina, L. & Gladun, L. (2009). Narodni rushnyky iz siuzhetnymy kompozytsiiamy v zibranni Natsionalnoho istoryko-etnohrafichnoho zapovidnyka «Pereiaslav» [Folk towels with plot compositions in the collection of the National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve «Pereyaslav»] PEREYASLAVICA: Naukovi zapysky Natsionalnoho istoryko-etnohrafichnoho zapovidnyka «Pereiaslav» [PEREYASLAVICA: Scientific notes of the National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve «Pereyaslav»]. Zbirnyk naukovykh statei. Vols. 3 (5), pp. 67–77 [in Ukrainian].

  3. Materialy fondovykh inventarnykh knyh NIEZ «Pereiaslav» (№ 1–5, shyfr – PKhIM). [Materials of stock inventory books of NIEZ «Pereyaslav» (№ 1–5, code – PHIM)] [in Ukrainian].

  4. Materialy fondovykh knyh inventarnoi hrupy «Tkanyny» (№ 1–18). [Materials of the stock books of the inventory group «Fabrics» NIEZ «Pereyaslav» (No. 1–18, code «T»)] [in Ukrainian].

  5. (GLO) – Hodlina Larysa Oleksiivna (1954 r.n.), (2019). Zapysala N. L. Zaika 7 lystopada 2019 roku z vystupu L .O. Hodlinoi na kulturolohichnomu zakhodi «Ukrainskyi rushnyk u zhytti Mykhaila Ivanovycha Sikorskoho», yakyi vidbuvsia u prymishchenni Tsentralnoi raionnoi dytiachoi biblioteky. Prokhodyv u ramkakh dniv pamiati fundatora pereiaslavskykh muzeiv, Heroia Ukrainy Mykhaila Sikorskoho (13.10.1923–27.09.2011) [Godlina Larysa Oleksiivna (born 1954). Recorded by N. L. Zaika on November 7, 2019 from the speech of L. O. Godlina at the culturological event «Ukrainian towel in the life of Mykhailo Ivanovych Sikorsky», which took place in the Central District Children’s Library. It was held as part of the days of remembrance of the founder of Pereyaslav museums, Hero of Ukraine Mykhailo Sikorsky (October 13, 1923 – September 27, 2011)].