Candidate of historical sciences, associate Professor of the Department of Social and Humanitarian and Law Subjects faculty of Management Uman National University of Horticulture.
LEVKO PLATONOVYCH SYMYRENKO: TOUCHES TO THE PORTRAIT
Abstract. The article reveals the most important milestones in the life and work of the outstanding Ukrainian scientist-gardener and pomologist Levko Platonovych Symyrenko, based on archival sources and literature.
The author made an attempt to supplement the historical portrait of the great Ukrainian gardener, thanks to which a new branch of agricultural production - industrial horticulture- appeared at the turn of the 19th-20th centuries in the Russian Empire. It is emphasized that the scientific developments of the genius scientist turned out to be so deep that they withstood a comprehensive test of time and entered the golden treasury of modern industrial horticulture.
The assessment of his contribution to the development of domestic horticultural science through Mliiv pomological nursery, founded by him, and the largest in Europe pomological collection of fruit, berry, nut and ornamental crops, which numbered three thousand varieties and forms; use not only scientific developments, but also direct participation in their implementation; providing horticultural farms with seedlings grown in a pomological nursery; substantiation of pomology as a science and the beginning of a new production and biological direction in it, theoretical and practical principles of industrial horticulture and the creation of the first industrial gardens in Ukraine; elaboration of industrial horticulture and orchard technology; breeding, popularization and distribution in Ukraine and the world of the famous apple variety Renet Symyrenko; representation of Ukraine and Russia at all-Russian and international gardening exhibitions; participation in international horticultural forums and receiving high awards; creation of a domestic scientific school of horticulture and nursery science. It is noted that the creative heritage of the scientist is more than 100 scientific works, among which are unique: «General Catalog of Fruit Trees», «Crimean Industrial Horticulture» and the three-volume «Pomology».
Key words: Levko Platonovych Symyrenko, gardening; Mliiv Pomological Nursery, pomology, scientific research, «King of Horticulture».
Received by the editorial board: 21.04.2021
Vel'mozhko Vasiliy. Lev Simirenko i Odessa [Velmozhko Vasiliy. Lev Simirenko and Odessa]. URL: http://vo.od.ua/rubrics/odessagody-i-sudby/ 32393.php (date of application: 28.04.2020) [in Russian].
Volvach, P. V. (1999). Naukova spadshchyna Symyrenkiv. Sad, vynohrad i vyno Ukrainy [The scientific heritage of the Symyrenkos]. Garden, grapes and wine of Ukraine, 5 – 6, 18 – 20 [in Ukrainian].
Volvach, P. V. (1994). Ponyshchene hnizdo veletniv [Destroyed nest of giants]. Osnova, 27, 114 – 137 [in Ukrainian].
Volvach, P. V. (2002). Symyrenko – fundator ukrainskoho promyslovoho sadivnytstva: [founder of Ukrainian industrial horticulture]: in 3 parts, P.1, Simferopol, Tavriia, 287. [in Ukrainian].
Volvach, P. (2020). Za yoho pratsiamy sadivnyky vchatsia dosi. Do 165-richchia vid Dnia narodzhennia Levka Symyrenka ta sotykh rokovyn yoho trahichnoi zahybeli [Gardeners are still learning from his work. To the 165th anniversary of Levko Symyrenko's birthday and the hundredth anniversary of his tragic death]. Day, 37 – 38 [in Ukrainian].
Volvach, P. (2005). Sadivnychyi henii Ukrainy. [Gardening genius of Ukraine]. Development of the state, 5 – 8, 54 – 68. [in Ukrainian].
Hamolia, N. (2003). Heneratsiia pershykh i yedynykh. Dynastiia Symyrenkiv. [Generation of the first and only. Symyrenko dynasty]. Contracts, 37, 18 – 19. [in Ukrainian].
Derzhavnyi arkhiv Cherkaskoi oblasti (dali – DAChO). [State Archives of Cherkasy Region (hereinafter – DACHO)]. DACHO, F5799. Op. 1. Spr. 39. 2 ark. [in Ukrainian].
DACHO [State Archives of Cherkasy Region]. F5799. Op. 1. Spr. 41. 23 ark. [in Ukrainian].
DACHO [State Archives of Cherkasy Region]. F5799. Op. 1. Spr. 42. 134 ark. [in Ukrainian].
DACHO [State Archives of Cherkasy Region]. F5799. Op. 1. Spr. 43. 38 ark. [in Ukrainian].
Zhuk, P. (1958). Renet Symyrenka. [Rainet apple of Symyrenko]. Homeland, 10, 148 – 153 [in Ukrainian].
Kasianenko, M. (2000). Pershyi ukrainskyi «iabluchnyk» [The first Ukrainian «apple man»]. Day, 58 [in Ukrainian].
Kovtun, Yu. (2009). Suzir’ia Symyrenkiv [The constellation of the Symyrenkos]. Кyiv: Ukraine, 382 [in Ukrainian].
Mazur, P. (2005). Z rodu Symyrenkiv [From the family of Simirenko]. House, garden, vegetable garden, 2, 34 – 35 [in Ukrainian].
Rozghin, I. (1959-1960). L. Symyrenko: Korotkyi narys zhyttia ta naukovoi y hromadskoi diialnosti [A short sketch of life and scientific and social activities]. Winnipeg, 80 [in Ukrainian].
Rozghin, I. (2001). Litopys rodu Symyrenkiv [Chronicle of the Symyrenko family]. Chronicle, 2000. Kyiv, 45 – 46, 578 – 605 [in Ukrainian].
Simirenko, L. P. (1901). Illyustrirovannoe opisanie matochnykh kollektsiy Pitomnika [Illustrated description of the nursery collections] Kyiv: Imperial University of Saint Vladimir, 410 [in Russian].
Simirenko, L. P. (1912). Krymskoe promyshlennoe plodovodstvo. Moskva: Tipo-litografiya tovarishchestva I. N. Kushnerev i K. [Crimean industrial fruit growing]. Moscow: Typo-lithography of the partnership I. N. Kushnerev and K, 746 [in Russian].
Simirenko, L. P. (1891). Opyt issledovaniya Krymskogo promyshlennogo plodovodstva [Research experience of the Crimean industrial fruit growing]. Odessa: Typ. L. Nitche, 253 [in Russian].
Simirenko, L. P. (1972). Pomologiya: V 3-kh tomakh. T. 1. Yablonya. [Pomology: In 3 volumes. T. 1. Apple tree], ed. A.I. Shepelsky. Ed. 2nd. Kiev: Harvest, 436 [in Russian].
Tytarenko, L. (2002). Rodyna Symyrenkiv.[The Symyrenko family]. The voice of Ukraine, 245, 4 [in Ukrainian].
Tsentral'nyy muzey Tavridy. [Central Museum of Tavrida. Electronic resource]. Access mode: http://tavrida.museum.crimea. ua/index.php/news/general-museum-news/item/152-lev-ukrainskogo-sadovodstva. Screen title [in Russian].
Chukhno, D. (1980). Pomoloh nashoi epokhy [Pomologist of our era]. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, 8, 86 – 87 [in Ukrainian].
Shevchenko, O. (2007). Ukrainskyi korol rosiiskoho sadivnytstva [Ukrainian king of Russian horticulture]. Agribusiness today, 6, 41 – 42 [in Ukrainian].