Alina Frusevych, Halyna Kotsur

Alina Frusevych

2nd-year student of Master's degree Department of Archival Studies and Special Historical Studies, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.


Halyna Kotsur

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Archival Studies and Special Branches of Historical Science, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.


DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2022.45.8



Abstract. The purpose of the study is to outline the daily worries and concerns of women, as well as to highlight the ideal image of a Soviet woman, which appears in the pages of the magazine «Soviet Woman». The time frame of the study - 1965-1991. To solve this goal, the following methods are used: systems analysis, critical analysis, descriptive, historical-comparative, biographical, as well as methods of reconstruction, observation, and comparison.

The article provides brief information about the periodical «Soviet Woman» and its features. Based on the processed publications the information on leisure and the life of the Soviet women is revealed and allocated.

An attempt was made to reconstruct the image of the ideal Soviet woman, who combined a wife, a mother, a housewife, and a worker. Through the use of various information from different sections of the periodical, which related to life, motherhood, professional activities, family, leisure, appearance and fashion, everyday realities of women's lives, their domestic responsibilities to family and husband, was described the challenges and problems faced by women in everyday practice, as well information about the hobbies, skills, and preferences of different heroines.

It is emphasized that the propagated image of the Soviet woman in the USSR in 1965-1991 within the limits of ideological clichés differed from the realities of women's everyday life. Most of the publications were presented in the context of reflecting the role of women in building a socialist society. The magazine, like other publications of the time, helped to shape the image of a new, Soviet woman - a worker, activist, fighter for a bright future. Accordingly, a woman was required to have a different system of behavior, to change the hierarchy of values ​​in both public and family life.

Emphasis is made on the fact that the magazine «Soviet Woman» is an important historical source for the study of everyday life of Soviet women.

Researchers in various fields turned to the periodical «Soviet Woman», studying the magazine's transformation, gender aspects, Soviet fashion, the image of the Soviet woman, child protection in the USSR, but never viewed it as a comprehensive source on the history of everyday life of Soviet women in Ukraine.

The materials obtained from the study can be used in other studies, but with the involvement of a wide range of sources.

Key words: periodical, Soviet woman, everyday life, Soviet politics, ideal image, leisure.

Received by the editorial board: 4.10.2021


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