47/1.Oleksandr Fedchuk

Oleksandr Fedchuk

PhD student, Faculty of History,

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7726-9003

DOI: 10.17721/2522-4611.2023.47.1


The article analyzes reasons, essence and consequences of political crisis in the Crimean Khanate from 1665 to 1692. That is the period between Budjakian revolt and third enthronement of Selim Geray. The research methodology is based on general scientific methods (rationality, analysis and synthesis of sources, induction and deduction) general historical (historical-genetic, empirical, historical-comperative, historical-typological, historical-systemic and statistical methods) and specially-historical (reconstruction, periodization, historical-synchronic and prosopographic methods). The scientific novelty of the research lies in distinguishing the period of crisis from the historical context of the Crimean Khanate, its periodization, determining the contribution of khans to overcome the crisis and finding out of its influence on Crimean history. In the middle of XVII century, the Crimean Chanate has briefly greatly expanded because of Tatars involving in the Khmelnycky insurrection. At the same time appeared social, political and economic collisions that induced permanent wars and disasters. These factors were the reason why Mehmed IV Geray, Adil Geray, Selim Geray, Murad Geray, Hacı ІІ Geray, Saadet ІІІ Geray and Safa Geray have been dethroned. The Crimean Khanate began to lose its power in Central and Eastern Europe. The state was torn apart between different political fractions. Khan’s reforms (contradicted each other) weren’t able to overcome the consequences of catastrophe. During the crisis period, Istanbul started to form the Crimean Khanate geopolitical paradigm, but Ottoman interests not always coincided with Crimean one another. Tatars participating in wars between Ottoman Empire, Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth and Holy Roman Empire didn’t allow concentrating effort on Muscovy confrontation. In the future, it will lead to fatal consequences. Finally, Selim Geray struggled to stabilize a situation in country by Ottomanisation and centralization. On the other hand, the Crimean Khanate never returned to pre-crisis indicators.

Key words: Crimean Khanate, Geray dynasty, political crisis, foreign policy, domestic policy.

Received by the editorial board: 23.12.2022