Doctor of Historical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, leading Research Fellow of the National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve «Pereyaslav».
PYSANKA IN THE EPISTOLARY OF RESEARCHERS AND RESPONDENTS
Abstract. The purpose of the article is to cover the issue of discussion and research of pysanka among a cohort of stakeholders and correspondents through the preserved epistolary. The main task is to publish little-known facts and to introduce into scientific circulation archival materials of well-known researchers and collectors of Easter egg collections.
The methodological basis is general scientific principles and research methods. Among them are search, analysis and synthesis, generalizations that allowed to investigate this issue and identify individual epistolary documents related to the study of Easter painting.
The article considers and publishes archival materials of the Institute of Archeology and the M. T. Rylsky Institute of Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine related to pysankas. In particular, it is the correspondence of N. A. Kotsyubynska with respondents: A. Vozyansky, R. Gaidash, L. Dobrolyubova, M. Yatsulchak, Mazurenko, Babyn, concerning the Easter rites in Podillya, as well as manuscripts of the fund «Ethnographic Commission» VUAN (correspondence of M. Pavlyk, V. Petrov). It is noted that the relevant epistolary is also stored in the Central Historical Archive of Ukraine (letters by M. Sumtsov, Kh. Vovk, S. Kulzhynsky, A. Pater, G. Rafalsky, H. Yashchurzhynsky).
The epistolary heritage preserved in various archival institutions of Ukraine is a rather interesting and sometimes richly informative historiographical source for the study of Easter painting. In the correspondence of famous and unknown personalities, scientists, researchers of folk art you can find information about the regional aspects of Easter painting, and about the peculiarities of collecting Easter egg collections, the existence of the custom of painting them for Easter and other folk arts. In addition, the letters sometimes raise other issues of a vital and everyday nature.
Key words: N. Kotsyubynska, respondents, pysanka, epistolary, funds, archive.
Received by the editorial board: 6.10.2021
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